Articles: Sikh Martyrs:
Martyrdom of Ajit Singh, Jujhar Singh
Martyrdom of Ajit Singh, Jujhar Singh
Sawa lakh se ek laraoon
Tabe Gobind Singh Nam Kahaoon
Truth is stronger than a gun.
Millions can be defeated by one.
With the objective of killing or capturing Guru Gobind
Singh, the joint forces of the emperor of Delhi and the rajas of Himachal
Pardesh attacked Anandpur Sahib. They encircled the town, and did
not allow any food to be taken inside, in the hope of starving the Guru
and his followers out. They lost thousands of men while attacking
the Guru who was occupying the forts. Having failed to defeat the
Guru, they promised him, on solemn oath, a safe passage if he voluntarily
left the place. They further assured him that later on, he could
come back again to Anandpur as and when he desired. The army generals
hoped to give the emperor an appearance of victory if they could make the
Guru leave Anandpur Sahib.
When the Guru left the fort, the generals broke their
oath and the army attacked him with all their might. To make conditions
worse for the Sikhs, the nearby river Sirsa was in flood. While fighting
and crossing the river, many Sikh lives were lost and those who could cross
the river were dispersed. Guru Gobind Singh with his two elder sons
and only 40 Sikhs reached a nearby village called Chamkaur where they occupied
a mud house called garhi, a mini fort.
The pursuing forces in great numbers tented around it
and challenged the Guru that he would not be allowed to leave alive.
With the hope of arresting the Guru they attacked the Garhi. The
Guru would send a small band of Sikhs to go out and fight the enemy to
keep them away from the gate of the Garhi and not let them enter it.
The Guru himself sat at the top shooting arrows to check the attacking
columns of soldiers. One of the army generals lost his life while
attempting to get near the Guru to kill him. The fast arrow shot
by the Guru hit the general in the chest and brought him down from his
horse, killing him then and there. This struck fear in the army,
which quickly retreated. Afterwards, they moved forward very cautiously
and slowly towards the Garhi.
the fighting was at its height Baba Ajit Singh, the eldest son of the Guru
and then only 18 years of age, requested that his father let him join the
defending jatha. The Guru gladly agreed to permit him to fight the
army to keep them away from the Garhi. Having been blessed by his
father, Baba Ajit Singh armed himself and went outside the Garhi along
with other Sikhs. He fought bravely and fearlessly. He exhibited
great fighting skills which surprised the enemy soldiers. The Guru
saw all that with his own eyes, and was very satisfied at the bravery of
his son. Finally, Baba Ajit Singh fell in the battlefield and thus
younger brother Jujhar Singh was also watching him fight on the battleground
and decided to follow the lead of his brother. He went to his father
and expressed his desire to go out with the next jatha and continue the
struggle to blunt the sword of state terrorism. Though only 14 years
old, he was permitted by his father to sacrifice his life to protect the
principles of the Sikh faith. Along with other Sikhs, Baba Jujhar
Singh put up a good defense like an experienced soldier, as he had obtained
thorough training at Anandpur Sahib. The Guru was very much satisfied
with his fighting skill. Having resisted the wave of enemy soldiers
for a long time, he followed his elder brother and became a martyr.
The Guru thanked the Almighty, that his children attained
martyrdom before his own eyes. They gave their lives so that other
children could live in peace and freedom from oppression by the state.
The resistance offered by the fearless and brave Sikhs
was so great that the soldiers could not enter the Garhi during the day-long
fighting. At night the Guru along with three Sikhs left the Garhi
and passed safely through the army camps to finally defeat the army at
Mukatsar five months after that.
This unique and great sacrifice by the sons of the Guru
would be remembered forever by the people who respect human rights and
freedom to worship.
When all other efforts fail, it is justified to take
a sword and protect your life and right of worship.
NOTE: The Guru along with the two pyaras,
Bhai Daya Singh and Bhai Dharam Singh left the garhi at night, leaving
Bhai Sangat Singh and a few other Sikhs behind. They were told to
keep the army engaged the next day when the fighting restarted. In
the morning when the army attacked the Sikhs they were ready to defend
themselves. Finally, when all Sikhs fell fighting the soldiers entered
the Garhi. The commanders were overjoyed to see the dead body of
Sangat Singh because they mistook him for the Guru. Later, when more
people were shown the dead body, they identified it not to be that of Guru
Gobind Singh. The commanders felt ashamed of their failure to kill
or capture the Guru. This is how they learned the lesson that truth
is stronger than a gun, and millions can be defeated by one.