Sikhism: Gurus: Guru
Guru Hargobind Ji is the Sixth Guru of the Sikhs. He was
the only son of Guru Arjan Dev Ji. He was born on June 19, 1595 at Guru
Ki Wadali near Amritsar. He got his training in martial arts and spirituality
from Baba Budha Ji
||Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji
Balanced Temporal and Spiritual Power.
Guru Hargobind Sahib wore two swords of Miri
(Temporal Power) and Piri (Spiritual Power) after martyrdom of Guru Arjan
Dev Ji but he never allowed the temporal aspect to overpower spiritual
aspect of his life.
Guru Hargobind Sahib transformed the Sikh saints into
saint-soldiers. He gave a fine blend to the powers of Bhakti and Shakti.
He called upon the Sikhs to protect human rights and stand for human liberty,
equality and fraternity.
Guru Hargobind Sahib built Akal Takht in proximity of
Sri Harmandar Sahib with the help of Baba Budha Ji and Bhai Gurdas Ji.
He issued Hukamnamas to the Sikhs to learn martial arts for self defence.
Guru Hargobind Sahib fought many battles against atrocities
of the Mughal Empire. He traveled extensively to preach high ideals of
The Guru was arrested and put into Jail at Gawalior by
the tyrant Mughals. He is called “Bandi Chhore” as he got 52 princes released
from the Gawalior jail of the Mughals.
On his release from jail, the residents of Amritsar illuminated
Sri Harmandar Sahib and fired crackers in rejoice. Since then, the Diwali
festival is celebrated at Amritsar in memory of the Guru.
Out of total life of the Guru, thirty eight and half years
as pontificate Guru were full of historic events. Battles were thrusted
upon him. Guru Hargobind Sahib fought battles at Amritsar, Sri Hargobindpur,
Lahira and Kartarpur. Sikh troops carried Nagara and Nishan Sahib
in the battles during the times of Guru Hargobind Sahib.
Guru Hargobind Sahib shifted his head quarters from Amritsar
to Kiratpur Sahib to get respite from the daily oppression caused by the
Mughal forces. He left for his heavenly abode on March 2, 1644 at Kiratpur
Sri Har Rai became the seventh Guru after the eternal
rest of his grandfather Guru Hargobind Sahib.
Ruler of India
Emperor Jehangir from 1605 to 1626 A.D.
Emperor Shah Jahan from 1627 to 1658 A.D.
Kiratpur Sahib in Punjab and development of Sri Hargobindpur
Foundation of Sri Akal Takht Sahib at Amritsar
Put on two swords of Miri (Temporal) and Piri (Spiritual)